Energy technologies: the pace of progress?

This 12-page note looks back over 5-years of energy technology research. Progress has often been slower than we expected. Maturing early-stage technology takes 20-30 years. Progress slows as work shifts from the lab to the real world. We wonder whether 2050 will look more like 2023 than many expect; or if decarbonization must rely more on today’s mature technologies?

Copyright: Thunder Said Energy, 2019-2024.