US Refining: energy and CO2 intensity

This data-file tabulates the energy intensity and resultant CO2 intensity of the US refining industry, source by source, year by year, back to 1986.

Emissions of refining a barrel of crude in the US have fallen at a 0.5% CAGR over the past c30-years, from 36kg/boe in 1986 to 31kg/boe in 2018.

US refineries are increasingly fueled by natural gas and merchant steam, while own use of oil, coal and oil products have been phased out.