Aluminium producers: company screen?

Leading Aluminium producers

…to aluminium is quantified by company. 8 out of 10 of the companies are aluminium ‘pure plays’ with 80% exposure to aluminium, or higher, on an EBITDA basis. Rio Tinto…

Aluminium production: energy economics?

Aluminium energy economics

…kg of aluminium. It is possible to generate a 10% IRR on a new aluminium plant, at recent aluminium prices of $2.3/kg of production. However, this is only possible under…

Power cables: carrying capacity and loss rates?

Breakdown of losses in conductors. Increasing the current also increases losses, while increasing voltage or conductor cross-section will decrease losses.

…decarbonize aluminium could double the costs. Power cables aluminium intensity in kg per kW per km Material costs of conductors are usually around 40% of total conductor costs. Installation and…

Advanced Conductors versus ACSR: costs and companies?

Advanced Conductors have 2x higher amperage capacities and temperature limits than standard Aluminium Conductor Steel Reinforced (ACSR) used in AC transmission lines. This data-file screens Advanced Conductors versus ACSR on…

Electrowinning: costs and energy economics?

Electrowinning costs and energy economics

…PGMs and Rare Earths. Even aluminium, chlor-alkali and green hydrogen are debatably electro-winning processes, or at the least electro-chemical processes whose energy economics can all be modeled using Faraday’s Law…

Recycling: a global overview of energy savings?

Global recycling energy savings

aluminium. In each case, we cover the market size (in MTpa), the recycling rate (in %), primary energy use (MWH/ton), CO2 intensity (tons/ton) and the possible savings from recycling. $299.00 – Purchase…

Commodity prices: metals, materials and chemicals?

…their ten-year averages in 2022, as internationally traded prices rose sharply for nickel, rose modestly for aluminium and zinc, and remained high for copper (chart below). Base metal prices by…

Boston Metal: molten oxide electrolysis of steel?

Boston Metal technology review

…it halve the operating temperature of the cell, but the sodium cations (-2.71V) have a standard electrode potential that is more negative than the aluminium ions (-1.67V), so the aluminium

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