Energy costs of lithium ion batteries?

This data-file estimates the energy costs of lithium ion batteries across 17 lines. Our best estimate in 2024 is that manufacturing 1 kWh of lithium ion batteries requires 175 kWh…

Lithium ion batteries: breakdown of materials?

Lithium ion battery materials

This data-file is a breakdown of lithium ion battery materials and lithium ion battery costs. A typical lithium ion battery has a cell-level energy density around 250 Wh/kg, weighs 380…

Lithium ion batteries: energy density?

Energy density of lithium ion batteries

Today’s lithium ion batteries have an energy density of 200-300 Wh/kg. I.e., they contain 4kg of material per kWh of energy storage. Technology gains can see lithium ion batteries’ energy…

Lithium producers: leading companies?

Screen of lithium producers

…mine and brine assets since 2014 (chart below). We have also screened Albemarle’s patents. Other mature lithium mining and lithium brine companies are captured in our screen of lithium producers,…

Lithium mining and upgrading: the economics?

Lithium carbonate production

This lithium carbonate production data-file quantifies the economics of producing lithium carbonate from spodumene in mined pegmatites, via the usual process of comminution, flotation, calcination and then acid-leaching. We estimate…

Lithium from brines: the economics?

Battery-grade lithium from brines

This data-file approximates the production costs of battery-grade lithium from brines, both via traditional salars, and via the emerging technology of direct lithium extraction. $499.00 – Purchase Checkout Added to cart Costs…

Lilac solutions: lithium breakthrough?

Lilac solutions lithium technology

Lilac Solutions aims to commercialize a lithium ion exchange technology, which can extract lithium from dilute brine solutions, rapidly, economically and scalably. It is progressing towards a pilot facility. This…

Lithium: reactive?

mined lithium supply chain

Lithium demand is likely to rise 30x in the energy transition. So this 15-page note reviews the mined lithium supply chain, finding prices will rise too, by 10-50%. The main…

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